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Pronouns and antecedents

Often in a sentence, you will have a pronoun as well as the word that the pronoun represents. Take this sentence for example:

Pronouns and antecedents

The pronoun ‘who’ in this sentence represents the person ‘John’, who is mentioned at the start of the sentence. The word John is the antecedent of the pronoun ‘who’ in this sentence. The antecedent of a pronoun is the word that the pronoun represents. Simple sentences won’t have antecedents for their pronouns, such as this one:

He is late.

It’s simple. There’s the pronoun ‘he’, which is also the subject of the sentence, the linking verb ‘is’, and the subject complement ‘late’, which tells us extra information about the subject.