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Declarative sentences

A declarative sentence simply states a fact or makes a statement. Usually the sentence ends with a period, but it can sometimes end with an exclamation mark if the statement is a particularly bold one.

The ball hits the fence.

This is a simple declarative sentence - it simply tells the reader a piece of information. These sentences are usually in the standard subject - verb or subject - verb - object order, but sometimes the order can be inverted:

There lay the most beautiful lady.

Notice how the subject ‘lady’ is at the end of the sentence, with the verb ‘lay’ before it.